Romans 8:31-39

And so today we come to one of the great promises in the book of Romans – a passage that I think I’ve probably had read at the vast majority of funerals that I’ve ever presided at:

For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor rulers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord

These words mark the conclusion of Paul’s great argument for the one fundamental theme of the book: You are no longer under law, but under grace.

That in the final analysis, the Christian faith is not at its heart about what we do, or what we believe, but about what God has done for us, what God is doing for us, what God promises to do for us.

That it is by grace we have been saved, by grace we continue to live, and by grace we are assured of our future.

This is, perhaps, the most uniquely Christian of all ideas – for though the concept of grace, of God giving to humanity what they do not deserve – is found Judaism, in Islam, in many faiths – this sense of an absolute transition from transaction to gift, from compliance to grace, is not, to my knowledge, found anywhere else.

And in today’s reading we see that fundamental truth, that complete change in the nature of reality, worked out once more: because we are under grace, not law, because our lives are determined by the gift of God, not by transaction, there is nothing in the whole of creation, physical, spiritual, psychological or emotional, past, present or future, that can separate us from the love of God.

Why? Because our status, our reality, our place in the Kingdom of God doesn’t depend on us, but on God.

And when you start to read the passage with that in mind, there’s an irresistible logic to Paul’s argument.

“What are we to say?” he begins. What is the conclusion, the final end of the argument of grace? If God is for us, who can be against us? If we stand by the free gift of God, what can stand against us? The one who is in our corner is the creator of all things – there is no powerful external force that might tear us away from God.

But perhaps God might decide it’s too much, too hard, that we aren’t worth the effort. So Paul continues: He who did not withhold his own Son, but gave him up for all of us, will he not with him also give us everything else? Look at the evidence of God’s commitment to us – God gave the most precious thing for us, how can you imagine that God having done that, would find any other cost too great?

But Rome is the home of the law, and the next implied objection Paul considers harks back to law and justice – what if we stand accused before God, and are convicted (as we surely would be); wouldn’t the clear evidence of our wrongdoing declare us unworthy and drive us out of God’s presence?

So once again, Paul responds: Who will bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. Who is to condemn? Who is going to bring a case against us? God is the one who has justified us, if we are already declared justified by the ultimate judge, who can gainsay that decision to condemn?

And were that enough, we have more: It is Christ Jesus, who died, yes, who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who indeed intercedes for us. Intercedes here is the legal term – to speak on our behalf, to plead our case. There is no prosecutor in this case, and even if there were, Jesus – the one at God’s right hand, would speak in our defence.

At each stage in this argument, Paul’s point is the same – our place in God’s love is secured not by our actions (for that is law, transaction) but by God’s (for that is grace, the gift).

And so, he asks, who or what could separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus?

neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor rulers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation.

Not much to add to that, really.

Who or what can separate us from God? No-one and nothing.

So we come to the end of the first half of Romans, the argument for and from grace, and find that this final conclusion of the promise of God, that there is nothing that can possibly separate us from God, takes us back to the very first objection.

If it all grace, and all God, and if we are set free from the legal constraints of transaction, if we know we are inseparable from God, then isn’t this an invitation to live out all our worst instincts, knowing that we are safe, forgiven, living under grace?

Ff our destiny with God doesn’t depend on how we live, why bother to restrain ourselves? Or, perhaps more realistically, why bother to make the effort, to take the risks, to make a difference for good?

If there is no reward, no bonus, because we already have it all – why not just sit back and life comfortable lives?

There is a logic there – but now that we have been identified as children of God, the response becomes clear.

For the more we learn about psychology, especially developmental, the clearer it becomes that the truth is exactly the opposite.

Security – knowing you are unconditionally loved – does not drive damaging, destructive, selfish behaviour. Quite the opposite. It is insecurity, fear, uncertainty that bring out the worst in us.

We love, as John wrote, because God first loved us.

Taking risks for the sake of others doesn’t grow out of the need to gain a reward; but out of the knowledge of your own safety. It is when we are secure that we can most freely step out of our comfort zones for the sake of others.

We don’t operate best out of fear of the consequences of failure, or even out of desire for the rewards of success.

It is out of the strength of knowing who we are, what we care about, and out the confidence of being certain that someone has got out back that we flourish.

Fear of consequences or the promise for reward can lead people to desired behaviour, but ultimately it is only internal motivation that keeps us there.

It is those who know that they are loved that are able to love.

It is those who have been comforted that are most able to care for others.

And we – the people of the grace of God – are those people.

We are the ones who know that they have been given life as a gift, not a reward.

We are the ones who know that we have been freed from the addictions that held us.

We are the ones who know there is no condemnation for us.

We are the ones who have heard God name us children of God.

That is the strength out we operate. The rock on which stand.

Nothing can separate us from the love of God that is freely given in Christ Jesus. And that truth gives us the place to stand in absolute security; the place from which we can act, and the courage to change the world.